January 1, 1687 - Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643 in Lincolnshire, England. Newton had a tough early life, with his father dying 3 months before he was born, himself being born tiny and weak and unlikely to survive and his mother leaving him to live with his grandmother, while she went to live with her new husband. This had a never-ending effect on Newton’s life.
Isaac Newton first attended the King’s School, a school in Lincolnshire. Here, he was introduced to chemistry and he immediately fell in love with it. At the age of 12, his mom pulled him out of school so he could become a farmer. He was a terrible farmer and was later sent back to King’s School and completed his education. In 1661, he was able to enroll at the University of Cambridge Trinity College due to his uncle, a graduate of the University of Cambridge Trinity College persuading his mother to let him attend. During his time in college, he was able to read from the works of many philosophers. He was also able to learn a lot about science and physics during his schooling. By the time he attended College, the Scientific Revolution was well advanced. Many works of science had appeared and there were many philosophers and astronomers proving methods and discovering new things.
Newton is known for many things such as his three laws of motion, his observation of gravity, his prediction that the Earth was likely shaped as an “oblate spheroid”, and his contribution to the field of optics. Although Newton had many achievements, he was most known for his three laws which are listed above. They are taught in every school and are very important in the world of physics. Newton was extremely smart and was able to understand physics and how things worked. In 1687, Newton had a book published called Principia. It covered most of the concepts of physics and helped him explain the theory of gravity, and the three laws. Also, as mentioned before, he supposedly figured out what gravity was and how things fell to the ground when they were dropped. Legend has it that he was sitting under a tree when an apple fell on him. This allowed him to think of forces and how gravity worked. Another thing he is known for is his observation that color was a property of light. As seen below he tested with prisms and was able to prove this. Isaac Newton did many things during the enlightenment and will always be remembered.
By Will Huber