- U.S. Invasion of Grenada

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By: Sean Donegan – Ms. Sotiropoulos

On October 26th 1983, the U.S. invaded Grenada. U.S. President Ronald Reagan gave the order after the Prime Minister of Grenada was killed in a military coup. The U.S. invasion force included 2,000 marines and paratroopers, as well as a group of 300 Caribbean troops from six different countries. They were met with little resistance, because the Cuban forces had already fallen back, however, the U.S. troops were still met with some resistance near the island’s airport. Only two Americans died in the fighting and there were only 12 Cuban casualties. A few of the Cuba casualties weren’t even involved in the fight, but rather were workers building the new international airport.

The invasion of the island garnered interesting reactions from multiple different countries. Firstly, the U.S. declared that they had acted to “restore order and democracy”, while the Soviet presence of the island declared the invasion an act of terrorism. The British were also not in favor of the invasion. They refused to take part in the invasion, and called it an “unpardonable humiliation” by the U.S. Cuba also called the resistance against the U.S. heroic.

After the short invasion the U.S Secretary of State, claimed that the American forces would leave soon. However, the Caribbean troops planned to stay in Grenada for six months while elections were reestablished. The U.S. also expelled 30 Soviet advisers, 50 Cuban advisers, and 550 Cuban workers from the island and sent them to Havana Cuba.

Interestingly enough, the result of the invasion was actually tension between the U.S. and Britain. President Reagan brushed aside advice from the British, who advised Reagan not to invade Grenada. Post Grenada invasion was the most at odds the U.S. and British had been since the Suez crisis 30 years earlier. While the British never went so far as to condemn the U.S. invasion, it was very evident that the House of Commons had very negative feelings about the attack.

Citations:

Brown, Colin. “US troops invade Grenada – archive.” the guardian. Last
modified October 26, 2016. Accessed May 25, 2020.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/26/us-troops-invade-grenada-archive.