August 9, 1945 - Worlds First Use of an Atomic Weapon. Hiroshima, then Nagasaki
By: Shane Levay
During World War II research of atomic weapon started. Germany was the first to dive into the subject of using reactions to create massive bombs to be used against other countries. Due to the fear of Germany succeeding in their research the United States started their own project called the Manhattan project. The Manhattan project had a large group of scientists to research the use of atomic weapons. Mostly consisting of Americans but the UK and Canada aided in the research. After four years of intense research the US set a time to test the new bomb in New Mexico. By the time the bomb was finished the war in Europe ended and only the Pacific theater remained.
These bombes aided the US fighting the Japanese. The Japanese became more deadly after many losses the proved that they were going to fight to the death. That mindset is very dangerous when invading due to every single solider would not surrender and will take as many down with them as possible. Truman brought in many experts in and some scientist from the Manhattan project to see if it was feasible to use the atomic weapons to bring Japan to a quick end.
The US dropped the “Fat Man” and “Little Boy” on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Little Boy was brought along the Enola Gay and was set to be dropped on Hiroshima, a large industrial city. It exploded 2000 feet above the surface for max effectiveness. The Japanese emperor did not surrender and the we choose to detonate another one atomic bomb, Fat Man, on Nagasaki August 9. The US was not only bringing this war to a close they also wanted to show off to Russia that they had the superior weapons. This changed the focus of many militaries, like USSR, to work towards making the best Atomic weapon. During the arms race in the cold war both the US and Russia made thousands of Atomic weapons. Due to these disastrous weapons both countries were afraid of and nuclear attack at any moment. They taught many strategies to help survive the blasts.